Voices / Creating NC’s Public Health System

Issue Area

Health
Bookmark Feedback

Creating NC’s Public Health System

By 1914, North Carolina had 11 county health departments in operation, including the first rural health department in the nation. To coordinate efforts and improve quality, the Secretary of the State Board of Health created a plan for counties and the state to share costs and oversight. By 1919, North Carolina led the nation with 45% of its population served by local health departments.

View Credits & Resources

Credits

  • Mrs. Lloyd, ninety-one year old mother of Miss Nettie Lloyd, who is a pellagra victim, North Carolina. Sept 1939. Marion Post Wolcott, photographer. Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, LC-USF33-030509-M5
  • Tonsil and Adenoid Clinic, Elizabeth City, NC, Pasquotank County, May 1922. Courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Medican Inspection, Sound Mind and Body” float in parade at Kinston, NC, during a County Commencement, no date (probably c.1920’s). Courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Hookworm campaign in Alamance County, North Carolina. 1914. Washburn, B. E. creator. North Carolina State Documents Collection. State Library of North Carolina
  • Dr. Watson Smith Rankin, State of NC Health Officer 1909-1925, Duke Hospital Director, photo c.1929. Courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Rockefeller, John D. Jr. 1917. Harris & Ewing, photographer. Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, photograph by Harris & Ewing, LC-DIG-hec-07496
  • Portrait of Benjamin Washburn. Courtesy of Rockefeller Archive Center.
  • Typhoid fever : its cause and prevention (1900), North Carolina. State Board of Health, publisher. State Library of North Carolina
  • State Board of Health nurse inspects students at a Cleveland County school, March 1922. Courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Free dental dispensary for school children, Erlanger Mills, Lexington, NC, Davidson County, October 1918. Courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Little Boy Collecting Eggs. Item ua023_007-003-bx0007-016-018. Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • Wake County Health, Typhoid vaccines start, 13 June 1949. Courtesy of the Raleigh News & Observer
  • Johnston County, chest X-rays. 1952. Item 0226295. Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Add Your Voice

Creating local health departments was important to improving the state's well-being.

167

Total Votes

75%

Strongly Agree

16%

Agree

1%

Disagree

4%

Strongly Disagree

4%

Don't Know