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Modernizing the Tax System

North Carolina required much-needed infrastructure investments in the 1920s, but the state’s tax system could not support such investments. Personal and corporate income taxes were levied, and the state used these funds to assume responsibility for building and maintaining roads and supporting public schools. The state would modernize its tax system once more in 1933, when it adopted a sales tax to offset revenues lost during the Great Depression.

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Credits

  • Textile Mill, Greensboro (thought to be Proximity Manufacturing Company): Cloth Inspection, circa 1904-1954. North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library
  • Smokey Mountains: Covered bridge in the Smoky Mountains, circa 1904-1954. North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library
  • Boxcars and wagons, circa 1920 to 1929. Item 0226548. Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • First Building at NC State Laboratory at Experiment Station, 1921. Item ua023_007-007-bx0026-004-032. Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • Cameron Morrison, portrait. Courtesy of NC Museum of History
  • Fayetteville Street, Raleigh, NC, looking north toward the Capitol, 1923. Courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Dental clinic, Cary farm Life School, Cary, NC, Wake County, c.1920. Courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Interior view of students and teacher eating in classroom, circa 1920. Item 0000972. Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • Negro farmer talking with warehouse man about price he received at auction for his tobacco, Durham, North Carolina, Nov 1939. Marion Post Wolcott, photographer. Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, LC-USF33-030673-M4
  • A woman keeps the books, circa 1930 to 1939. Item 0226578. Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • Governor O. Max Gardner, 1930. Item 0229301. Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • Aerial View Capitol Square Showing Old Arrangement of Walk Ways 1925 or 1929. Courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Young family, penniless, hitchhiking on U.S. Highway 99, California, November 1936. Dorothea Lange, photographer. Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA/OWI Collection, LC-USF34-016102-C
  • Unidentified group, possibly young school children and teacher, no date (c.1930’s). Courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Unidentified store, no date (c.1930’s). Courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Governor O. Max Gardner and Legislature, State Capital, Raleigh, NC, 1930s. Courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina

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Modernizing the tax system was important to improving the state's well-being.

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